Vyvanse is a prescription medicine that is used primarily to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), a neuropsychiatric condition that effects all ages. It is a central nervous system stimulant that is used to help decrease typical hyperactivity and impulsive behavior manifested by ADHD sufferers. It acts on the brain, and is also used to increase attentiveness. Additionally, it is used to help patients with Binge Eating Disorder (BED) reduce their binge eating habits. It is considered to be safe and effective as an obesity treatment, but is not intended as a solution for weight loss. Vyvanese is categorized as a federally controlled stimulant medication and doctors may include counseling or other therapy as part of treatment.
Ingredients in Vyvanse
The active ingredient in Vyvanese is lisdexamfetamine dimesylate, a long-acting brain stimulant known as a prodrug. It is a new-age medication that has been used since 2008, and remains pharmacologically inactive until it has been metabolized by the body as d-amphetamine. It is not known exactly how the d-amphetamine relieves symptoms, but it is believed to inhibit dopamine, amongst other things.
Inactive ingredients include microcrystalline cellulose, magnesium state, and croscarmellose sodium. The shells of capsules contain gelatin as well as titanium dioxide and several types of iron oxide that give it color.
Side Effects of Vyvanse
There are quite a few recorded side effects of Vyvanese, partly depending on whether the patient suffers from ADHD or BED. Common side effects for both include:
- Dry mouth
- Inability to sleep
- Decrease in appetite
ADHD sufferers might also experience:
- Nausea and/or vomiting
- Upper stomach pain
- Weight loss
BED sufferers might notice they:
- Feel jittery
- Become constipated
- Suffer from an increased heart rate
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Medication Guide warns that there could be additional side effects.
Important Information about Vyvanse
Vyvanese is a stimulant medicine which may be abused and which may lead to dependence. Students and adults should not buy or sell this prescription illegally. The DEA categorizes Vyvanse as a Schedule II substance (the same as cocaine and morphine).
Problems that have been known to occur while taking stimulant medication relate to cardiac, psychiatric and circulation problems. At worst:
- Heart-related or cardiac problems may lead to increased heart rate and blood pressure, stroke and heart attacks, and even sudden death if people have a predisposition to heart defects and related problems.
- Psychiatric or mental problems that range from diminished thought processes and deteriorating behavior, as well as onset or escalation of bipolar disease. Children and teenagers in particular might hear voices, believe things that aren’t true, or they might develop manic symptoms that weren’t previously evident.
- Circulation starts to become problematic, with toes and fingers feeling cold, numb, painful, or just sensitive to temperature. Visually people will often change color, becoming blue and then red if circulation is effected.
Never drive a vehicle or operate machinery while taking Vyvanese, at least until you know how it effects you.
Who Should Avoid Taking Vyvanse
Anyone who has taken a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) anti-depressant within the past 14 days should avoid taking Vyvanse. It should also be avoided by anyone who is allergic or sensitive to, or who has had a bad reaction to any other stimulant type medication.
Pregnant women, and women planning to conceive, should avoid taking Vyvanse because it is not yet known whether it can harm babies in the womb. The medication does though pass into breast milk, so any mothers who are breastfeeding should be aware of this.
People with kidney problems might be adversely effected. Talk to your general practitioner (GP) because a lower dose of the drug might be considered safe.
How Vyvanse Should Be Taken
Your GP will prescribe exactly how and when you should take Vyvanse, but generally it is taken once a day, in the morning. Capsules should be swallowed whole, with or without food. Sometimes people have trouble swallowing capsules; if you do, open the capsule and sprinkle the contents into a little yogurt, fruit juice or even water. Stir and swallow. Never mix more than you need, and drink it immediately.
What To Do In The Event Of Overdose
If you or someone you know overdoses on Vyvanse it is vital to get to a doctor, hospital, or emergency room (ER) as quickly as possible. You could also call your GP or a poison control center for advice. Just remember that urgent action is essential in the event of an overdose or suspected overdose.
Other Drugs That Might effect Vyvanse
The FDA Medication Guide for Vyvanse warns patients taking the medication to give their GPs information about everything they take. This includes non-prescription as well as prescription drugs and medication, herbal supplements, and even vitamins.
The fact is that Vyvanse may effect the way other forms of medication work, and vice versa. By combining two or more drugs without medical supervision, you might end up with serious side effects. It is especially important to give your doctor details of any anti-depression medication you are taking, although he or she should have this data on file.